A burned car sits in the driveway of a home just north of Ukiah, California. Photograph: McKen/Zuma Wire/Rex/Shutterstock
Residents of the Eastridge development in the Bay Area city of Fairfield were busy loading their cars on Wednesday afternoon as flurries of ash fell over the neighborhood like a dry, putrid dusting of snow. Firefighters and police officers were stationed every few blocks in the sprawling development of rolling hills, large houses and meticulously landscaped gardens, waiting for the order to declare a mandatory evacuation.
Im nervous, said Annette Abrao, a dental hygienist. She and her husband, Eddie, a landscaper, had left work early to get home and prepare to leave. Their truck held photographs and documents, while a trailer was packed with camping gear, a golf cart, and a stuffed elk head a memento from a 2010 hunting trip.
We have a house full of stuff, and the things that were really important fit in a truck and trailer, Eddie Arbao said. What does that tell you?
The fireline was about three miles north of Eastridge by late Wednesday afternoon, according to the Fairfield fire department deputy chief, Matt Luckenbach, who was on standby for the evacuation orders and has been on duty since the early hours of Monday.
Though the fire wasnt advancing quickly yet, Luckenbach warned: Three miles, as far as fire goes, isnt far at all.
‘I’m just glad my family is OK’: residents return to burnt houses in California video
On Bridle Ridge Road one of the most vulnerable sites in Eastridge four Fairfield firefighters joked, drank coffee and monitored the wind as they waited for the fire to approach, or not.
Its like the calm before the storm, said Elliott Blanton, a probationary firefighter in his first year on the force. Kind of exciting, but sobering too.
Captain Mike Guerra, a 26-year veteran, said that the neighborhood was relatively protected because it was well landscaped, with few areas of tall brush.
While the state agency Cal Fire confronts the wildfire itself, the local force is positioned to protect people, homes and other structures should the fire encroach on developed areas.
Were not bulletproof, but were pretty well prepared, Guerra said. Waiting is the hardest part.
But he said: Itd be preferable to do all this preparation and have nothing happen.
By Thursday morning, the fire had yet to cross into Fairfield proper, though the city remained on alert. Sergeant Matt Bloesch of the Fairfield police department said he hadnt detected any alarm in the voice of the fire battalion chief this morning.
Many Eastridge residents expressed gratitude that they had time to prepare, unlike the residents of Santa Rosa, 50 miles north of San Francisco, where entire neighborhoods were razed to the ground early on Monday morning, leaving little more than charred heaps of belongings, skeletal trees and melted cars.
Bob Lando, 71, said he was holding out hope that the winds would die down, but added: Its nice to be prepared. Landos son had not been so fortunate: his entire stock of 2016 vintage was vaporized when the fire burned his winery earlier in the week.
More than 20,000 people have headed to evacuation centers, with more leaving their homes as new areas are threatened.
Thirteen of the deaths occurred in Napa and Sonoma counties, about an hour north of San Francisco, and the others in the states northern and eastern reaches six in Mendocino County and two in Yuba County.
The Sonoma County sheriff, Robert Giordano, said the number of missing-person reports had surpassed 600, up from about 200 a day earlier. But officials believe many of those people will be found; they said the chaotic evacuations and poor communications have made locating friends and family difficult.
Giordano said he expected the death toll to climb.
The devastation is enormous, he said. We cant even get into most areas.
Wine grapes destroyed by the Tubbs fire in Kenwood, California. Photograph: Ezra Shaw/Getty Images
While it is not unusual for dozens of small fires to start each day in
California, gusty conditions on Sunday night meant that 17 major fires quickly developed. Six additional major fires have ignited since then. Control remains minimal: the deadliest fire in wine country reached 10% containment on Thursday morning, while others remained in the 1-5% contained range .
At least 3,500 homes and businesses have been destroyed since the wildfires started Sunday, making them the most destructive blazes in state history.
Californias governor, Jerry Brown, said on Wednesday that the federal government had pledged assistance, but pointed out that resources also were going to hurricane recovery efforts in Texas and Florida.
The impact of climate change was hard to ignore, said Will Bucklin, whose vineyard in Sonoma Valley was touched by the fire on Monday. Bucklins Old Hill Ranch lost several buildings and about a dozen vines, but he said he felt lucky that his home and most of the plants had survived.
Weve had the wettest year on record and the driest year on record within the span of three years, Bucklin said. This is exactly what we predicted would happen.
Officials in Napa County say all of Calistoga, famous for its hot springs and wineries, had been ordered to evacuate.
California, cooler weather and moist ocean air helped firefighters gain ground against a wildfire that has scorched more than a dozen square miles.
Firefighters fight a blaze in Anaheim Hills, in southern California. Around 8,000 firefighters are working across the state. Photograph: Palle/Zuma Wire/Rex/Shutterstock
The Orange County fire authority captain, Steve Concialdi, said the blaze was nearly halfway surrounded and full containment was expected by Saturday, but another round of gusty winds and low humidity levels could arrive late on Thursday.
About 8,000 firefighters are working across the state, along with 73 helicopters and 30 air tankers, according to a Cal Fire spokesperson. New resources are set to pour in following a request from California, including 175 engines from neighboring states and dozens more from federal agencies.
We know its going to be very fluid in the next couple days, and so we want these resources to get here as soon as possible, said Williams of Cal Fire.
Of the present fires, the Tubbs fire, in Sonoma County, has claimed the largest number of lives 13. But it is far from the deadliest in state history. The 1933 Griffith Park fire in Los Angeles killed 29, while 1991s Tunnel fire in Oakland caused 25 deaths.